Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


PHYSIOLOGY II
FISIOLOGIA II

Physiology II
FISIOLOGIA II

A.Y. Credits
2015/2016 8
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Patrizia Ambrogini

Assigned to the Degree Course

Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course aims to provide knowledge about the functioning of some organs of the human body and the general mechanisms of control of their integrated working under normal conditions.

Program

Central control of homeostasis: 1. Homeostasis, homeostatic control mechanisms; 2. Hypothalamus: general organizational principles and functional organization, effector systems; 3. General organization of autonomic nervous system: sympathetic division, parasympathetic division, enteric division, neurotransmitters and receptors, pharmacology outline, autonomic control of homeostasis; 4. Neuroendocrine systems: posterior pituitary gland and its relation to the hypothalamus, hypopthalamus-pituitary-target gland (organ) axis and its regulation; 5. Thermoregulation: human body temperature, hypothermia, hyperthermia, heat production and heat loss mechanisms, cutaneous blood flow, central mechanism of body temperature regulation, thermoregulation and exercise, fever, heat stroke. Cardiovascular system: 1. Physiologic anatomy of heart; 2.  Electrical activity of cardiac cells: action potentials and its conduction, electrocardiography; 3. Fundamental properties of cardiac activity and their regulation: chronotropism, batmotropism, dromotropism, inotropism; 4. Mechanical activity of heart: cardiac muscle cells, excitation-contraction coupling, length-tension relationship; the cardiac cycle: diastole, presystole, systole, function of the valves, blood pressure and volume curve, heart sounds, arterial pulse, venous pulse, cardiac output and its regulation; 5. Blood circulation: overview of the circulation, histo-functional characteristics of vessels; arterial system: elasticity of arteries, arterial pressure and its regulation; microcirculation: morpho-functional organization, microvascular exchange, regulation of microcirculation; venous system: morpho-functional organization, venous return mechanism. Gastrointestinal system: 1. Motility: electrical and mechanical activity of smooth muscle cells, propulsive movements – peristalsis – mixing movements, mastication, swallowing, esophagus motility, stomach motility, movements of small and large intestine, defecation; 2. Secretory functions: salivary secretion, esophageal secretion, gastric secretion, pancreatic secretion, biliary secretion, intestinal secretion; 3. Digestion and absorption; 4. Nervous and hormonal regulation of gastrointestinal functions.

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

According to Dublin descriptors, at the end of the course and for passing the exam, students are expected to fulfill the following requirements:

1. to possess good knowledge and understanding of human physiology topics, so as to be able to set a logical and complete discussion about theoretical aspects of the discipline;

2. to be able to communicate, clearly and comprehensively, the acquired knowledge, exposing with language property and scientific terms;

3. to be able to making judgements on problematic aspects of human physiology;

4. to have reached a good level of learning capacity in terms of ability to elaborate an autonomous thinking using the provided information about the diverse issues presented during the course.

 

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Didactics

Lectures

Course books

In alternative: - Berne & Levy, Physiology, Sixth Edition, 2008, Mosby Elsevier   - Guyton and Hall, Textbook of Medical Physiology, Twelfth Edition, 2010, Saunders Elsevier

For further information: Principi di Neuroscienze, E. R. Kandel, J. H. Schwartz, T. M. Jessel, S. A. Siegelbaum, A. J. Hudspeth, IV Edizione, 2014, CEA 

Assessment

Written/oral exam 

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Course books

In alternative: - Berne & Levy, Physiology, Sixth Edition, 2008, Mosby Elsevier   - Guyton and Hall, Textbook of Medical Physiology, Twelfth Edition, 2010, Saunders Elsevier

For further information: Principi di Neuroscienze, E. R. Kandel, J. H. Schwartz, T. M. Jessel, S. A. Siegelbaum, A. J. Hudspeth, IV Edizione, 2014, CEA 

Assessment

Written/oral exam 

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