BIOCHEMISTRY FOR CULTURAL HERITAGE
BIOCHIMICA PER I BENI CULTURALI
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Assigned to the Degree Course
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Biochemistry for the cultural heritage course has the objective of providing the basic knowledge for understanding the structure, properties and functions of molecules together with the metabolic mechanisms involved in cellular functionality. The course also provides an integrated knowledge for the comprehension of the molecular bases of the most important materials utilized for cultural heritage objects and their restoration. Particular attention will be paid to bio-deterioration.
1. Introduction to Biochemistry: Living organisms, water, chemical bonds, Carbon, Functional groups, macromolecules.
2. Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides, Oligosaccharides, Polysaccharides, vegetable gums
3. Lipids: Fatty acids. Triglycerides, Detergents, Animal and vegetable waxes, Phospholipids, Sphingolipids, Cholesterol, Glycolipids, Structure and function of plasma membranes
4. Protein: Amino-acids, Peptide bond, I, II, III, IV structure of proteins, protein functions. Physico-chemical characterization of proteins, Denaturation, Glycoproteins
5. Enzymes: Classification, Enzyme kinetics, Action mechanisms, Regulation, Applications in restoration
6. Nucleic Acids: RNA, DNA, DNA replication and transcription, Genetic code, Molecular Biology.
7. Metabolism and bioenergetics: Thermodynamics of biological systems, ATP
8. Prokaryote and Eukaryote cells
9. Materials of vegetal origin: Wood, Paper, Textile, Glue
10. Materials of animal origin: Silk, Wool, Glues
12. Biodegradation of above-mentioned materials and possible remedies
13. Use of data banks for bibliographic purposes
Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)
The student will have to show competence in the basic understanding of the structure e function of the principal macromolecules with particular reference to the materials utilized in the cultural heritage.
The student will have to comprehend the concepts and the theories presented in the course; and be able to analyse the overall role of macromolecules of cultural heritage interest; the student will also have to be capable of identifying both criticalities and strong points in the workings of biochemistry.
The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it
Presentation slides used during lessons will be provided but this material will not be sufficient for completing the necessary study.
Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment
The course comprises face-to-face lessons for teaching as well as for gaining insight into the creation of up-to-date biographies.
- Course books
Please contact me for an alternative bibliography
Part of the course will be taught in English. The student can request to sit the final exam in English with an alternative bibliography.
The examination is oral and begins with a question of the student's choice
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