|Lecturer||Office hours for students|
|Patrizia Ambrogini||From Monday to Friday by appointment to be make by email or telephon (0722/304292)|
|Teaching in foreign languages|
Course with optional materials in a foreign language
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.
Assigned to the Degree Course
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The course aims to provide the student with the following knowledge:
1. processes and cellular mechanisms underlying the major functions of human organism;
2. general mechanisms controlling the integrated functions of the various organs under normal conditions.
The program includes the following topics, listed in the order as they will be presented during the course:
1. Transport across cell membrane: passive diffusion; facilitated diffusion; water channels; ion channels; active transport by ATP-powered pumps; cotransport by symporters and antiporters against a concentration gradient; transport across epithelia; endocytosis; exocytosis. Resting membrane potential.
2. Elements of intercellular communication: paracrine, autocrine and endocrine signaling; membrane receptors: ion-channel receptors, G protein-coupled receptors, enzyme-linked receptors; intracellular receptors: cytoplasmic and nuclear receptors; signal transduction pathways.
3. The neuron: action potential; myelin sheath and saltatory conduction; electrical synapses; chemical synapses: neurotransmitters and their receptors; post-synaptic potential; neuron integration function; sensory receptors: stimulus transduction and codification; reflexes.
4. Skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle: sarcomere; excitation-contraction coupling; contraction mechanism
5. Control systems of organ functions:
a) Hypothalamus: general organizational principles and functional organization;
b) Autonomic nervous system: sympathetic division, parasympathetic division, enteric division, integrated functions;
c) Endocrine system: hormones: classification, synthesis and release, action mechanisms; hypothalamus-hypophysis axis; thyroid; adrenal glands; endocrine pancreas
Cell biology and human anatomy
Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)
According to Dublin descriptors, at the end of the course and for passing the exam, students are expected to fulfill the following requirements:
D1- KNOWLEDGE AND CAPACITY OF UNDERSTANDING: to possess good knowledge and understanding of physiology topics, so as to be able to set a logical and complete discussion about theoretical aspects of the discipline, being also able to make connections among the treated topics;
D2- CAPACITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: to apply the acquired knowledge to the discussion of different issues within physiology;
D3- JUDGEMENT AUTONOMY: to have acquired autonomy in the application of knowledge, making independent decisions and choices in the face of different aspects inherent physiology;
D4- COMMUNICATION SKILLS; to be able to communicate, clearly and comprehensively, the acquired knowledge, exposing with language property and scientific terms, elaborating an autonomous thinking using the provided information about the diverse issues presented during the course;
D5- LEARNING ABILITY: to analyze and understand scientific texts/articles, also in English, about the topics inherent human physiology and to use them for study and research.
The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it
No supporting activities.
Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment
Anatomical and biochemical knowledge are necessary to comprehend topics included in the program of Physiology.
- Course books
- Vander's Human Physiology. The mechanisms of body function. 2019, McGraw-Hill Education
- Silverthorn, Human physiology: an integrated approach. 2018, Pearson
- Stuart Ira Fox, Human Physiology, 2020, Mc Graw Hill
*Written exam addressed to monitor compliance with Dublin Descriptor requirements. Particular consideration will be paid to the verification of the student's ability to make connections among the topics and to the appropriateness of the terminology used to describe the topic.
The exam consists of three open-ended questions on the topics described in the program; for the purpose of passing the exam, the student must obtain the sufficiency in all three questions. The exam lasts two hours.
*Assessment will be as oral exam (three questions on the topics described in the program) in the event that it is not possible to carry out the exams in person.
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