Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


ORGANIC SYNTHESIS IN MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY (SINTESI ORGANICA APPLICATA AI FARMACI)
ORGANIC SYNTHESIS IN MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY (SINTESI ORGANICA APPLICATA AI FARMACI)

A.Y. Credits
2022/2023 6
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Giovanni Piersanti Any time but with a previous email.
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Industrial Pharmacy (LM-13)
Curriculum: PERCORSO COMUNE
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

Synthesis is at the heart of drug discovery and development. The industry has increasingly demanded higher quality clinical candidates and has sought to exploit less druggable biological targets. Densely functionalised small molecules with a high degree of synthetic complexity are often the result of these demands. Successful programmes therefore require the application of innovative synthesis in all stages of discovery and development. The medicinal chemist’s toolbox is also enhanced by the introduction of novel bioisosteres, often made available only through the application of new synthetic methods. This course aims to celebrate the crucial role of synthesis in the success of drug discovery and development.

The course will focus on synthetic methods and strategies as well as retrosynthetic analysis of known drugs. A short introduction to the biological and pharmacological properties of the drugs will also be included. At the end of the course the students will be prepared to discuss various synthetic routes and perform retrosynthetic analysis of common drugs for industrial production.

More in details:

  • Refresh and update your knowledge of synthetic organic methods.
  • Learn the latest on enantioselective reactions and catalytic organometallic reactions.
  • Become familiar with the increasingly important applications of enzymes, catalytic antibodies, and other biological methods in organic chemistry.
  • Gain an exposure to modern approaches for designing syntheses of complex organic compounds.
  • See the applications of synthetic strategy and methods by means of numerous examples of actual syntheses taken from the original literature.
  • Obtain an extensive compilation of references to the current synthetic organic chemistry literature right through the current year.

Program

The course gives an introduction to the most common synthetic methods that are applied in industrial and laboratory drug synthesis. The course is a continuation of organic and medicinal chemistry taught during the first part of the pharmacy studies.

“The top reactions for medicinal chemistry”

The organic reactions that underpin contemporary medicinal chemistry will be discussed in details. For example, the course will cover amide bond formation, metal-catalyzed cross-couplings, heterocycle synthesis and modification.

More in details:


1. Scientific Computing Skills (Organic Chemistry software/database available free or on campus)
2. Reactions Used in the Pursuit of Drug Candidates
3. Applications of Transition Metal Catalysis in Drug Discovery And Development-
4. Embedding sustainability into reagent and solvent selection. Examples from Organic Process Chemistry- The Emergence of Base Metal Catalysis in Pharma
5. Masterpieces in Process Chemistry
6. An overview of the key routes to the best selling 5- and 6-membered ring nitrogen heterocyclic pharmaceuticals
7. The synthesis of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) using continuous flow chemistry- The Synthesis Machine
8. Industrial natural product chemistry for drug discovery and development. Examples from Chemical Neuroscience.

      Bridging Courses

      The course is primarily open to students who have been admitted to the School of Pharmacy at the University of Urbino. If there is space available then others may also apply to take the course as long as their academic background is adequate.

      Chemists who are involved in any aspect of laboratory or manufacturing operations concerned with the preparation of organic compounds and who wish to acquire a stronger background in the modern methods of organic synthesis and the strategies by which syntheses of organic compounds may be designed.

      Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

        D1 – KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
        At the end of this activity, students should be able to:
        1) know the main aspects of stereochemistry and the methods used for determining the excesses of stereoisomers;
        2) know the implications that connect the chirality with biological activity of a given molecules;
        3) know the main sources of chiral molecules;
        4) know the main aspects and peculiarities associated with fermentation and enzymatic processes;
        5) know the main aspects and peculiarities associated with asymmetric synthesis;
        6) Know the industrial approach for synthesizing specific molecules having industrial importance.

        D2 – APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
        At the end of this activity, students should be able to:
        1) classify molecules in terms of their stereochemistry;
        2 identify the diastereomeric and enantiomeric excesses for a given mixture;
        3 describe the main sources of chiral molecules;
        4) describe the peculiarity of fermentation, enzymatic and asymmetric processes;
        5) describe the industrial synthetic approach of molecules having industrial importance;

        D3 – MAKING JUDGEMENTS
        At the end of this activity, students should be able to:
        1) propose the best technology to determine the stereoisomeric excess of a given mixture of stereoisomers on the basis of their structure;
        2) compare the fermentation, enzymatic and asymmetric processes on the base of their respective advantages and disadvantages;
        3) compare and evaluate the different synthesis approaches of molecules with proven industrial importance;

        D4 – COMMUNICATION SKILLS
        After completing the course, students will have to prove that they are able to clearly describe (in English) the use of various technologies and concepts learned during lessons.

        D5 – LEARNING SKILLS
        At the end of the activity, students should be able to find and apply new information, than those provided in the training activity, to evaluate and compare the different industrial synthetic approaches of molecules of industrial interest.

          Teaching Material

          The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

          Supporting Activities

          Lectures, seminars, and self-study.

          In addtion, each student is required to read a number of review articles covering the following topics: Metathesis-reactions, Pd-catalysed reactions and enantio selective synthetic methods.


          Teaching, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

          Teaching

          Lectures assisted by videoprojections and/or blackboard drawings. Interactive training


             
          Innovative teaching methods
          Attendance

          Inactivity and / or excessive absences in compulsory education means that the student does not receive final assessment / examination

          Course books

          N. G. Anderson Practical Process Research & Development 2nd ed., 2012, Academic Press

          Assessment

          Oral exam based on the presentation and discussion of a real case study.

          The acquirement of the contents of the course will be assessed during a single oral exam, resulting in an overall mark given in 30/30.

          Each student will be assigned in good advance the literature related to a case study, to present and discuss at the exam. In this discussion, the student is required to show capability of recalling the basic concepts treated in the course, and to critically discuss their application in a real context. The student is expected to be able to answer specific questions which may arise during the presentation and discussion.

          Disability and Specific Learning Disorders (SLD)

          Students who have registered their disability certification or SLD certification with the Inclusion and Right to Study Office can request to use conceptual maps (for keywords) during exams.

          To this end, it is necessary to send the maps, two weeks before the exam date, to the course instructor, who will verify their compliance with the university guidelines and may request modifications.

          Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

          Teaching

          Lectures assisted by videoprojections and/or blackboard drawings. Interactive training

          Course books

          Slides from Moodle.

          Assessment

          Oral exam based on the presentation and discussion of a real case study.

          The acquirement of the contents of the course will be assessed during a single oral exam, resulting in an overall mark given in 30/30.

          Each student will be assigned in good advance the literature related to a case study, to present and discuss at the exam. In this discussion, the student is required to show capability of recalling the basic concepts treated in the course, and to critically discuss their application in a real context. The student is expected to be able to answer specific questions which may arise during the presentation and discussion.

          Disability and Specific Learning Disorders (SLD)

          Students who have registered their disability certification or SLD certification with the Inclusion and Right to Study Office can request to use conceptual maps (for keywords) during exams.

          To this end, it is necessary to send the maps, two weeks before the exam date, to the course instructor, who will verify their compliance with the university guidelines and may request modifications.

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