Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY
BIOLOGIA VEGETALE E BOTANICA FARMACEUTICA

A.Y. Credits
2023/2024 6
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Daniele Fraternale From Monday to Friday by appointment via institutional email
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Pharmacy (LM-13)
Curriculum: COMUNE
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The aim of the course is to provide the student with the basic knowledge of plant biology, in particular the organization of the plant cell and the differences with the animal one, of the tissues and organs of higher plants, also to provide the knowledge for the botanical recognition of main plants of pharmaceutical interest and their content in active ingredients. At the end of the course the student must be able to apply the knowledge acquired in the management of preparations containing active ingredients derived from plants in the context of his profession as a Pharmacist

Program

1-Cytology - Prokaryotic cell and eukaryotic cell, Cyanobacteria (Prokaryotes), pharmaceutical importance of cyanobacteria.

2-Red algae; brown algae, pharmaceutical importance.

3-Fungi: general structure, pharmaceutical importance of Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes, Deuteromycetes. Claviceps purpurea. Lichens, general structure, pharmaceutical importance of Cetraria islandica.

4-Common characteristics of plant and animal cells: cell membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, mitochondria, lysosomes, peroxisomes, nucleus. The plant cell and its structures: Plastids, Vacuole- Components of pharmaceutical importance of the vacuolar juice, Cell wall and its modifications- Components of pharmaceutical importance of the cell wall. 5-The main groups of land plants and their pharmaceutical importance.

6-Histology, meristematic tissues, adult tissues: parenchymatic, integumental, mechanical, conductor, secretory.

7-Anatomy: Structure of the stem, Anatomy of the primary structure zone of Gymnosperms, Anatomy of the primary structure zone of Dicotyledons, Anatomy of Monocotyledons. Secondary body of the tailpiece.

8-The leaf: organography and anatomy.

9-The root: morphology and anatomy. Flower, inflorescences, fruit.

10-Plants of pharmaceutical interest included in the programme: Plants with cardioactive glycosides: Digitalis purpurea L.; Digitalis lanata Ehrh; Urginea maritima L. Anthraquinone plants: Rhamnus purshiana DC.; Rhamnus frangula L.;Rheum palmatum L; Aloe ssp. Mucilage plants: Althaea officinalis L.; Malva sylvestris L.; Mucillagini delle alghe. Tannin plants: Hamamelis virginiana L..Cannabinoid plans: Cannabis sativa L.. Alcaloids plants:Taxus baccata L.; Ephedra ssp; Papaver somniferum L.; Erytroxylon coca L.; Atropa belladonna L.; Datura stramonium L.; Hyoscyamus niger L,.Essential oils plants; Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees; I.; Camomilla recutita L.; Anthemis nobilis L..Mentha x piperita L.Pimpinella anisum L.

Bridging Courses

No prerequisites required

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Knowledge and understanding

At the end of the course the student will have to know the characteristics of a plant cell, the structural and functional characteristics of the different groups of terrestrial plants, identify and describe the main plants of pharmaceutical interest and the drugs obtained from them and know the main groups of secondary metabolites of plants of pharmaceutical interest.

Applyng knowledge and understandyng

At the end of the course the student will have to be able to know the organization of the plant cell, of the tissues and of the plant organs, to classify the plant drugs according to the active ingredients they contain and their therapeutic activity, to apply the knowledge for a correct use of herbal drugs in the field of health products.

Makind judgements

At the end of the course the student will have to demonstrate that he is able to decide independently on the use of herbal drugs and/or active ingredients of plant origin more suitable for the different needs in the workplace.

Communication skills

At the end of the course the student will have to demonstrate that he is able to communicate clearly and with the appropriate terms from a scientific point of view in the field of plant biology, pharmaceutical botany and products containing molecules synthesized by plants and their use in the field of health .

Learning skills

At the end of the course the student will have to demonstrate that he is able to deal with the specific scientific means available today, and to use them to learn the new scientific trends in the field of plants of pharmaceutical interest and the drugs deriving from them.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

No supporting activities


Teaching, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Teaching

Front lessons (Italian) with PC and video-projector (Power Point).

Attendance

No special obligations

Course books

Claudio Longo, Giovanna Marziani, Biologia delle piante, UTET (consultation)

Pasqua- Botanica generale e biodiversità vegetale- PICCIN (consultation)

E. Maugini, L. Maleci Bini, M. mariotti Lippi - Manuale di Botanica Farmaceutica - Piccin (reference text)

Assessment

Oral examination. To verify the level of preparation of the student, 3 questions will be asked regarding the topics of the course. If the students enrolled on the exam exceed ten units, the exam will be written with three open questions. The evaluation in both cases is expressed in thirtieth and the evaluation will take into account the knowledge of the topics, their exposure, the correct use of the appropriate terminology, the ability to reason and the ability to establish connections between the different topics where possible.  

Disabilità e DSA

Le studentesse e gli studenti che hanno registrato la certificazione di disabilità o la certificazione di DSA presso l'Ufficio Inclusione e diritto allo studio, possono chiedere di utilizzare le mappe concettuali (per parole chiave) durante la prova di esame.

A tal fine, è necessario inviare le mappe, due settimane prima dell’appello di esame, alla o al docente del corso, che ne verificherà la coerenza con le indicazioni delle linee guida di ateneo e potrà chiederne la modifica.

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Teaching

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Attendance

No special obligation

Course books

Claudio Longo, Giovanna Marziani, Biologia delle piante, UTET (Consultation)

Pasqua- Botanica generale e biodiversità vegetale- PICCIN (consultation)

E. Maugini, L. Maleci Bini, M. mariotti Lippi - Manuale di Botanica Farmaceutica - Piccin (reference text)

Assessment

Oral examination. To verify the level of preparation of the student, 3 questions will be asked regarding the topics of the course. If the students enrolled on the exam exceed ten units, the exam will be written with three open questions. The evaluation in both cases is expressed in thirtieth and the evaluation will take into account the knowledge of the topics, their exposure, the correct use of the appropriate terminology, the ability to reason and the ability to establish connections between the different topics where possible.  

Disabilità e DSA

Le studentesse e gli studenti che hanno registrato la certificazione di disabilità o la certificazione di DSA presso l'Ufficio Inclusione e diritto allo studio, possono chiedere di utilizzare le mappe concettuali (per parole chiave) durante la prova di esame.

A tal fine, è necessario inviare le mappe, due settimane prima dell’appello di esame, alla o al docente del corso, che ne verificherà la coerenza con le indicazioni delle linee guida di ateneo e potrà chiederne la modifica.

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